Block quotations are used when the direct quote you are using exceeds a certain length (see below). When quotes extend this long, you must format them differently from other quotes.

In APA style: 40+ words in the quote
In MLA style: More than 4 lines
In Chicago Manual style: More than 5 lines

How do I format a Block Quote in APA or MLA?

To properly format a block quote, follow these guidelines:

  • Provide an introduction to the quote.
  • Begin the block quote on a new line.
  • Do not enclose the direct quote in quotation marks.
  • Double-space the block quote.
  • Indent each line of the block quote by ½ inch.
  • Punctuate the quoted material with a period before the parenthetical citation – with no ending punctuation after the parentheses.
  • NOTE: Block quotes are identical in APA and MLA other than the parenthetical citation (see below).

Example Block Quote in APA

Sample APA Block Quote

Example Block Quote in MLA

Sample MLA Block Quote

How do I format a Block Quote in Chicago Style(CMS)?

  • Provide an introduction to the quote.
  • Begin the block quote on a new line.
  • Do not enclose the direct quote in quotation marks.
  • Single-space the block quote.
  • Indent each line of the block quote by ½ inch.
  • Punctuate the quoted material with a period before the parenthetical citation – with no ending punctuation after the parentheses.
  • Use standard Chicago Manual Style citation guidelines.

Example Block Quote in Chicago

Sample Chicago Style Block Quote

 

 

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