Below you will find general information on Ashford University's writing standards. You may also refer to the
Student Writing Standards PowerPoint.


Please review the sample paper for additional information concerning the proper Ashford University APA-style
format for written assignments.

What if I don't have Microsoft Word?

Ashford technology requirements indicate that files must be written in Microsoft Word. Ashford assignments can only be accepted in the form of .doc and .docx files (Microsoft Word file types). However, if you do not have
access to Microsoft Word, you may be able to use the following workaround:

There is a free word processing application (Open Office) available for download at

Once you have downloaded Open Office and created your document, you can save it as a .doc file by following
these steps:

  1. Click on the "File" menu button.
  2. Then click on the "Save As" option.
  3. From the "Save As Type" dropdown menu, select the "Microsoft Word 97/2000/XP (.doc)" option to save the file as a .doc document.
  4. Click "Save."


Academic research and papers must meet certain standards of quality recognized by the academic community.

What constitutes quality academic research?

What sources are not acceptable for citing in academic papers?

(These sources may be a good starting point to find information you want to research further, but are not
reliable enough to be cited in academic papers.)

All research must reflect professional academic protocol and must be documented according to APA standards.